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The First Robotic Printed Bridge in the World by Tongji University

发布日期: 2017-07-05 浏览次数: 1411

The 7th "DigitalFUTURE Shanghai" Workshop and Conference was successfully held at the College of Architecture and Urban Planning (CAUP) of Tongji University from June 24th to July 2nd, 2017. Two 3D printed bridges were set up at the entrance of the College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tongji University, which reach 4m and 11m span respectively. They’re the first 3D printed MP (modified plastic) bridges using robotic technology.

The theme of DigitalFUTURE 2017 is "Visualization vs Materialization".Digital fabrication re-explained the interpretation of materialism. Through the effective integration of material onto logical characteristics and digital production, the "fabrication and automation" embodies a new approach towards "Digital Material Design". This event aims to convene the most pioneering digital design& fabrication organizations and individual around the world. The event is host by Shanghai Digital Fabrication Engineering Technology Center, College of Architecture and Urban Planning (CAUP) of Tongji University, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd.(TJAD), and support by Digital Architecture Design Association (DADA), Advisory Committee for Architectural Digital Technology Teaching Committee and Fab-Union.These series events discuss the new challenges and new opportunities brought by the philosophical thinking based on materialism in the times of emerging CNC construction industry.

The DigitalFUTURE 2017" Visualization vs. Materialization "International Conference was held in Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co.,Ltd. from 8: 00 to 18: 30, 2nd, July. Ten speakers were invited from all over the world to present various explorations under the subject of "Visualization vs. Materialization". First of all, Jiemin Ding, the President of Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co.,Ltd. delivered a speech at the conference opening. Then Professor Philip F. Yuan from CAUP of Tongji University, as the host of morning sessions,moderated the following speeches. 

The first speaker was Philippe Block from the Institute of Technology in Architecture at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. His Speech topic was "Beyond Bending: Learning from the Master Building". Prof. Block has been invited to give lectures at top universities as well as leading engineering and architecture offices; and collaborated with offices such as Foster + Partners, Zaha Hadid Architects, Herzog & de Meuron, SOM structures and Studio Olafur Eliasson. His work has been exhibited at the Design Triennial 2009 in NYC, USA, and the 2012 and 2016 editions of the Venice Architecture Biennale. Philippe Block co-directs the Block Research Group (BRG) together with Dr. Tom Van Mele. Research at the BRG focuses on equilibrium analysis, computational form finding, optimisation and construction of curved surface structures, specialising in unreinforced masonry vaults and concrete shells. Within the NCCR, BRG researchers develop innovative structurally informed bespoke prefabrication strategies and novel construction paradigms employing digital and robotic fabrication. With BRG and ODB Engineering, Block applies his research into practice on the structural assessment of historic monuments and the design and engineering of novel compression structures.

Prof.Philippe Block firstly retrospected the equilibrium analysis of historical masonry vaults. Then he introduced new graphical methods for exploring equilibrium. By realizing the designing vaults with little or low-quality materials and designing efficient and expressive surface structures,the goal of designing beyond masonry can be achieved. Throughout history, master builders have discovered expressive forms through the constraints of economy, efficiency and elegance, not in spite of them. We have much to learn from their architectural & structural principles, their design & analysis methods, and their construction logics. On the bases of the architectural heritage, we should develop innovative structural design methods. Prof. Philippe Block presented his own exploration though a series of architecture practices such as MLK Jr. Park Vault, MIT Collier Memorial, Armadillo Vault and so on.

Prof. Makoto Sei Watanabe from Tokyo Metropolitan University gavea speech on "Can AI Make Designs? AIrchitect←Architectural Intelligence". Makoto Sei Watanabe is professor at Space-Generating Lab, Tokyo City University and architect at Makoto Sei Watanabe Architects’ Office. He also taught in Okayama Prefectural University and Tamkang University in Taiwan. Sensually his work is characterized by a feeling of movement and tactile qualities that make the visitor want to touch it, while theoretically it is informed by a continuing investigation into verbalization of the act of design and its translation into computer programs.WEB FRAME (2000), created according to this new INDUCTIONDESIGN/ ALGOrithmic Design methodology, was the worl’s first work of architecture to be generated by using a computer program to solve specified conditions. He is the organizer of ALGODeQ (ALGOrithmic Design Quest) international programming competition 2013/14 and AQS: ALGOrithmic Design Quest International Symposium 2015.His work has received numerous awards, including The Prize of AIJ 2002 (Japan), ASLA Awards 1997 (USA) etc. 

Watanabe believes that architecture should grow naturally in the virtual world, digital technology will bring a new architectural culture for human. On one hand, architectural design software has a strong capacity of data processing. For Tokyo, an extremely high-density city, the problem that should be paid attention to is very complex, the architectural design with the software can make analysis and simulation of these factors. On the other hand, digital technology can’t bea dominant force, the architect should use their own experience and intuition to amend, and artificial intelligence (AI) technology is the black box to solve this problem. By using AI computer logic to help architectural design, we could feel emotions and temperature in the digital program.

Yangtze River scholar professor Cheng Sun gave a speech on “Exploring the Materialization Performance of Architecture Based on Virtual Intelligence”. Cheng Sun is professor at Harbin Institute of Technology, co-director of Building Digital Technology Teaching Committee, Yangtze River Scholar. He is the vice president of Party Committee Secretary in Harbin Institute of Technology, director of the National Building Virtual Simulation Experiment Teaching Center, executive director of China Architecture Society. He has been awarded the China Architecture Society Young Architect Award and Heilongjiang Province Outstanding Youth Fund. His research focuses on digital architecture design, public building creation and etc. 

Professor Sun Cheng firstly reviewed the evolution of design thoughts influenced by materialization performances, which developed from subjective decision-making thought to generative design thought, and finally to performance-driven thought. He pointed out that the subjective decision-making thought did not give full play to the role of virtual intelligence in supporting the process of design decision and conducted inadequate exploration on the possibilities of design. The generative design thought did not give scope to the role of the designer in controlling the design decision-making process. Performance-driven thought avoids these shortcomings. Then Professor Sun Cheng proposed innovation of the virtual intelligence technology for architecture design and introduced this topic from four aspects as follows: building and environment information dynamic integration technology, design variable and materialization performance mapping technology, multi-objective guidance design decision-making support technology and GANN-BIM architectural digital digital design platform.Finally he introduced a project practice to show his exploration on materialization performance of architecture.

Shajay Bhooshan from ZAHA HADID ARCHITECT Sgave a speech on “Parametric design thinking- Practice-embedded Architectural Research: a Decade of CODE”. Shajay Bhooshan joined ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS in 2007, he has specialized in the conception and production of architecture: from theoretical discourses to manufacturing technologies. As an expert in computation, Shajay also has specialized knowledge in programing, mathematics-especially geometry and optimization methods, and computer-controlled industrial machines including industrial robotics. He had made great contributions to architectural application and articulation of shell structures.

Shajay rethinked parametric design from three elements of Architecture:firmness, commodity and delight. He Introduced ZHCODE from physically based design and socially-based design. Physical based design includes structural constraints, manufacturing constraints and spatial constraints. Socially-based design means agent-based modeling of users. Shajay introduced physically based design from the perspective of computer aided geometric design, a common language of geometry and cumulatively& collaborative design. By using a series of examples he illustrated the relationship among architectural geometry, digital construction and spatial data.

Neil Leach from Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc) gave a speech on “Size Matters: The Limits of Representation”. Neil Leach is an architect, curator and writer. He is currently visiting professor at Tongji University, visiting professor at Harvard University GSD, professor at the European Graduate School. He has also taught at SCI-Arc, Architectural Association, Columbia GSAPP, Cornell University, etc. His research interests fall broadly into two fields, critical theory and digital design. In the field of digital design, he has published a number of related books and papers.

Neil Leach pointed out that architects should focus on "presentation of form" and the inherent attributes of form, at different scales, although the external presentation of form may be the same, the intrinsic attributes is completely different due to the change of the size.

After a lunch break, Zheng Zhang, the Deputy Director of Technology Development Department of Tongji Architectural Design & Research Institute (Group) Co. Ltd. moderated the speeches in afternoon sessions.

Hyunsoo Lee, who is the chairman of Department of Interior Architecture and Built Environment, gave a speech on “Biomimetic Inspired Facade Design for Aesthetically Well-Designed Architectural Space”. Hyunsoo Leeis Professor at Yonsei University, Department of Interior Architecture and Built Environment; CAADRIA President; Advisory Committee of Seoul Architecture Design and Planning Professor Lee's research areas are Bio Architecture, Elderly Housing and Digital Fabrication. He is interested in Bio Architecture which provides sense of suitability for habitation. He has been doing research on elderly housing focused on smart services of an assisted living using life-log data. Digital fabrication in association with architectural facades and material techniques are also his research interests with continuous efforts.

The speech included two themes in Biomimetic inspired design. One is inspired by bird flocking intelligence and explained how to control the louvers of the building facade based on residents behaviors. The demonstration describes how louver control can be done through facade by interpreting bird flocking behaviors. The second topic is to develop facade pattern design process using Korean traditional painting that mimics the form creation of nature. It concluded with the idea of using Biomimetic design approach as the most powerful approach of well-designed space.

Biayna Bogosian gave a speech on “Sensing Urban Microclimates”. Biayna Bogosian is an architect and interactive media designer researching perceptual and cognitive interaction design that highlight the relationship between urban and environmental data patterns. Biayna is principal of Los Angeles-based studio Somewhere Something that works at the intersection of architecture, urban design, interaction design, and digital fabrication, in order to change the way we perceive and construct our cities.Since 2011, Biayna has taught digital media and architectural design courses at Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation and USC School of Architecture. 

Biayna introduced the related technologies of perceiving urban micro-climate. By separating the various climatic data and assigning them to different attachments of the visualization device.Visualization improves the public's sensitivity to building environment perception. At the same time, the simulated device behavior in the three-dimensional space is determined.

Prof. Weixin Huang gaved his speech on “Organic Structure & Data Space”. Weixin Huang was graduated from Kyoto University with Ph.D Degree, and now he is associate professor of Tsinghua University Architecture Department, co-director of Building Digital Technology Teaching Committee, organizing officer of CAADRIA, member of DADA, and general coordinator of DADA2013 & Digital Architecture International Conference. Prof. Huang has been engaged in the interdisciplinary research and teaching work on digital technology and architecture design over the decades.

Weixin Huang pointed out that performance-based design is an essential appeal of architectural design. Many aspects of building demand can be quantified, and can be integrated into a digital design process that includes "generation" and "inspection". Data were used for analysis. Distinguished from traditional geometric prototype architectural design, Contemporary digital architectural design pays more attention to the natural organic form. Natural organic form is evolved by the interaction of a large number of individual systems and this dynamic process is consistent with the concept of "digital generation form". He attempted to explore the ways in which architectural performance (especially structural performance) are digitized and can be translated into natural organic forms. By citing a number of cases he showed the exploration of this topic.

Behnaz Farahi gaved a speech on “3D printed Interactive Body Architecture”.Behnaz Farahi is interested in exploring the potential of interactive environments and their relationship to the human body through the implementation of emerging technologies in contemporary art/architecture practice. Her goal is to enhance the relationship between human beings and the built environment by following design/motion principles inspired by natural systems. Application areas include architecture, fashion and interaction design. She also specializes in physical computing, sensor technologies, additive manufacturing and robotic fabrication technologies.Currently she is an Annenberg Fellow and PhD candidate in Interdisciplinary Media Arts and Practice at the USC School of Cinematic Arts. She has a Bachelor’s and two Masters degrees in Architecture.

Behnaz introduced her exploration of the relationship between interactive environment and human body, these explorations using the linkages between design, technology, machinery and construction. She tried an interactive 3D print costume that detects other people's eyes and acts. And she attempted to reset the device by detecting the movements of the user's body and to drive 3D print the contraction and stretching of the spiral, forming a seemingly respiratory organism that seems to crawl and breathing organism on the body.

Patrik Schumacher gaved a lecture on "Tectonic Articulation in the Context of Architectural Semiology" by Zaha Hadid Architects. Patrik Schumacher is principal director of Zaha Hadid Architects, member of Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA). He has been teaching at various architectural schools in Britain, Continental Europe and the USA and he is a co-director of the Design Research Laboratory at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. Patrik is also a theorist, specializing in “parametric” design. In his point of view, this kind of parametricism which tends to use algorithms, computer design and new material to shape building is the successor of postmodernism.

Patrik pointed that architectural/tectonic form is multi-functional and needs to be selected in accordance with two sets of very different functional selection criteria: technical functionality in terms of physical performance and social functionality in terms communicative performance. The coincidences between these two criteria are serendipitous. Legibility involves two aspects: the perceptual tractability/palpability and the semantic-informational charge. Accordingly we distinguish phenomenological articulation and semiological articulation. The relationship between the technical and the articulatory dimension of the build environment leads to the concept of tectonics, here understood as the architectural selection and utilization of technically motivated, engineered forms and details for the sake of an articulation that aims at legibility. For many architectural theorists tectonics is the very essence of architecture.A technically efficient morphology thus assumes also an articulatory function. This initially unconscious, evolutionary, historical process becomes a conscious design strategy under the banner of tectonics. The agenda of articulation selects the final solution from all technically viable solutions according to the phenomenological and semiological requirements.As urban complexity and density increase, effective articulation becomes more important.

  

 

 

The results presentation of the construction workshops was held at 1:30 pm, 1st, July at the lecture hall of Building B of CAUP,Tongji University. 11 groups of the work group reported their results respectively; the instructor of each group issued a certificate for the group members. After the presentation,all the members went to the underground exhibition hall in building C. The first group of 3D print walking bridges on the outdoor exhibition caught the eyes of public. The span of 3D printing bridges reaches 4m and 11m respectively. The Drones from group 4 attracted the crowds to take pictures. Zhengyu Li, the dean of the College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Tongji University, delivered a speech at the of the exhibition opening. Prof. Philip F. Yuan presided over the opening of the "DigitalFUTURE Shanghai" exhibition. Patrik Schumacher, Philippe Block, Matias Del Compo, Neil Leach, Behnaz Farahi, Biayna Bogosian, Makoto Sei Watanabe, Weixin Huang, Wendong Wang, Chengyu Sun, WeiZang, Steven Ma and other guests also delivered speeches.

 

    

The event is hosted by Shanghai Digital Fabrication Engineering Technology Center, CAUP Tongji University, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co. Ltd.(TJAD), and assisted by Digital Architecture Design Association (DADA), Fab-Union and Building Digital Technology Teaching Committee; ponsored by KUKA Robotics Shanghai China, Crownhomes, Sinobau, 3D systems, ARUP, Association for Robots in Architecture, Zhijing(Shanghai) Technology Co., Ltd and supported by Architectural Journal, World Architecture, Time + Architecture Magazine, The Architect, New Architecture, Urbanism and Architecture, Architecture Technique and other medias. We sincerely invite all the professors, students, architects, and industrial partners around the world to participate in the event.

The workshop invited eight outstanding instructors from world famous schools. Respectively, they are Prof Philippe Block from NCCR, ETH Zurich, Prof. Martín Alvarezfrom the University of Stuttgart, Erik Eugenio Martinez Parachini, Behnaz Farahifrom University of Southern California, Prof. Neil Leach form European Graduate School, Biayna Bogosian from University of Southern California, Xiang Wang from Darmstadt University of Technology, Wendong Wang from Central Academy of Fine Arts and 5 outstanding assistants. Undoubtedly, with 8 Kukarobots, 2 CNC cutters, 5 UAV, UWB indoor positioning equipment, thermography, and many 3D printers, we believe students with different background will explore their creativity and create impressive design works in this summer workshop. This year, more than 300 students enrolled in the summer workshop. After several reviews by the committee and group instructors, 146 students from 55 universities (16 foreign universities and 39 Chinese universities) and 12 architectural design organizations in total stood out. This year the summer workshop contains foreign students from SCI-ARC, AA, University of California, Berkeley, UCL, Falmouth University,Pratt Institute, UIUC, University of Toronto,University at Buffalo, Rhode Island School of Design),  University of Edinburgh, Cornell University, University of Liverpool, Syracuse University, as well as Chinese students from Tongji University, Tsinghua University, Southeast University, South China University of Technology, Tianjin University, Zhejiang University , Sichuan University ,Harbin Institute of Technology, Central Academy of Fine Arts, China Academy of Art, Chongqing University,  Hunan University, Xi`an University of Architecture and Technology, etc.

The event is based on "visualization and materialization". It invited a number of internationally renowned scholars, architects to discuss the possible digital future direction. From analog, virtual to enhanced reality, is it an opposition,interaction or integration between the VR/AR and growing digital construction technology? We look forward to discussing this topic from the perspectives of architectural philosophy, theory and practice. For the traditional disciplines such as architecture, structural engineering, materials science and so on, in this era of agitation, this event bases on history and present, outlooks the future, and it is a great opportunity to explore the boundaries and development of disciplines.


The following part is the presentation of the workshop result:

1. Rhino VAULT

指导团队:Philippe BLOCK教授(苏黎世联邦理工学院建筑学技术学院(ETH),瑞士国家技术研究中心(NCCR)主任)

Shajay BHOOSHAN(扎哈·哈迪德建筑事务所(ZHA | CODE))

助教:周轶凡,张立名

学生团队:孟宪川,方志浩,陆垚,王宇泽,张春祺,姚稼澍,徐鳴亞,刘凌灵,赵琦,李明亮,蒲昊旻,周保林,杨灵运,杨文倩,王建桥,左颂文,杜杰,俞洲

本组工作营由苏黎世联邦理工学院(ETH)Philippe Block研究组与扎哈·哈迪德数字设计研究小组联合教学的。以机器人3D黏土打印为基础,从结构信息建模,转换为打印路径,最终实现实体建造,打印完成的拱石组件将用于搭建成更大的拱形结构。学生使用RhinoVAULT插件来找形与结构优化分析,同时操作3D陶土打印与烧制,最终组装成结构优化的拱形装置。

It’s a joint workshop/ collaboration between the Block Research Group at ETH Zurich and the Computation and Design group at Zaha Hadid Architects.Based on robotic 3D printing of clay, a joint research project in which we focus on structurally informed modelling of such objects and processes.Printed ceramic voussoirs/bricks to assembly a larg(er) self-supporting cellular or shell structure, as a formwork . Students use RhinoVAULT plugin to do forming finding and structure optimization research. Also be able to operate robotic clay printing & firing and then assemble printed brick into a shell structure.

 

 

2. 机器人木缝纫

指导团队:Achim MENGES教授

Martín ALVAREZ(德国斯图加特大学计算设计学院)

Erik Eugenio Martinez Parachini(德国Haas Cook Zemmrich STUDIO2050)

助教:胡雨辰,柴华

学生团队:赵阳臣,王航,王博伦,孙缘,秦鹏,杨扬,赵明书,李江宁,黄亮博,李胤赜,江原,陈思佳,武依,焦智恒,曹仪,刘永康,高博

本组工作营探讨了基于机器人木材缝合的数字化工艺,通过缝纫将平面胶合板直接连接形成复杂的三维自由形状。三种基于机器人木缝纫技术开展的木材弹性弯曲缝合的研究被平行地进行:学生个体通过探索纺织图案和与纺织技术,创建了薄片材料的材料系统,并期望可以将其扩展到如木材之类的更厚的材料之上。在个体研究的基础上,学生分团队选择了一些材料系统原型来进行更大尺度的材料实验,以创建能够创建封闭单元体的构造策略,以期在建筑尺度进行建造。最终,木材建成的大尺度的建构范本,全面展示了木缝纫系统的性能,并为机器人自动化缝制系统做了很好的实证研究。

The workshop explore digital fabrication concepts for Robotic Timber Sewn assemblies where flat sheets of plywood are turned into complex 3-dimensional free-form shapes by using sewing as a straight forward connection. Three investigations in elastically bent robotically sewn wood were developed in parallel trajectories. Students individually explored textile patterning and fabric manipulation techniques to create material systems in thin sheet material, in an effort to scale up into thicker materials such as wood. Student groups developed a selection of these material systems in large scale segments to create a tectonic strategy capable of creating enclosure, these prototypes were fabricated aiming to be built at an architectural scale. A large scale demonstrator was constructed in wood to showcase the capabilites of the system in full scale, and to showcase the automated robotic sewing system.

 

 

3.  3D打印的身体建筑学

指导团队:Behnaz FARAHI(南加州大学)

Neil LEACH教授(欧洲研究生院,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院客座教授)

助教:赵耀,陈哲文

学生团队:Anna Nikolaidou,赖坚,程雨阳,李佳枫,江酉玥 ,曾绍庭,梁丹,常雪石,罗劬,马诗琪,陈铭家,杨柳,崔强,汪宇宸,Dascia Kryvko,刘迪

关于身体和建筑的关系研究已有悠久的历史,从维特鲁威之前人们就尝试着把建筑比例与人体尺度进行关联,到了现代身体与建筑的关系已经发展到有趣的地步:建筑师们涉足时尚界,设计一些精美的3D打印服饰。工作营强调两个初始问题。第一个是通过研究自然模式—例如生长、生枝,以及填充等—我们将会在自然中学习动态的表现方式,根据Grasshopper的教程,学生能够生成来自于生物启发下的模式,学习这些几何的背后的用意是为了能够理解动态的材料表现方式,如直线或者曲线运动;第二,将人体例如皮肤张力、肌肉运动、力的分配等作为这类形式的研究内容,我们将会尝试把生物启发下的几何模式与人体性能表现进行结合。最终我们关注3D打印过程,它的目的是去设计以及打印“身体建筑”——3D打印大衣将会与人体的肌肉与运动进行关联,使用尼龙SLS材料打印技术生产硬性的物件。但是,通过对不同材料的理解运用会使得我们可以生产出富有弹性的结构体系。

The relationship between the body and architecture has a long history. From Vitruvius onwards there have been attempts to relate buildings to the proportions of the human figure. More recently the connection between the body and architecture has developed into an interest in the fashion industry among architects producing some exquisitely designed 3D printed clothing.The workshop addresses two initial issues. Firstly, by looking at natural patterns in nature - such as patterns of growth, branching and packing – we will study dynamic behaviors in nature. Following some initial tutorials in Grasshopper, students will be able to generate bio-inspired patterns. The intention behind studying these geometries is to understand dynamic material behaviors such as linear or curvilinear movements. Secondly, by looking at the human body as a context for these forms we will reflect on how the body itself operates. By studying the mechanical and physical properties of the human body - skin tension, muscle movement, force distribution, and so on - we will attempt to relate the bio-inspired patterns to the geometries and behaviors of the human body.Finally we move on to the 3D printing process itself. The intention is to design and print ‘Body Architectures’ – 3D printed garments that relate to the scale and movement of the human body. We use nylon SLS printing technology that normally produces rigid objects. However, by understanding differentiated material distribution we also be able to produce flexible structures.

 

 

4. 无人机群感应的城市环境

指导团队:Biayna BOGOSIAN(南加州大学)

臧伟 (同济大学数字设计研究中心(DDRC))

助教:周奕霖,郭喆,齐冀

学生团队:董潇晓,吴晓涵,郭翰宸,杨慧,胡颖,季嘉为,王逸聪,张天翔,高申,袁靓,容志毅,杜巧,韩旭,李子璇

本课程利用传感器和可视化技术对城市环境进行航空测绘,旨在介绍城市环境测绘的理论和技术框架,让参与者理解城市参数的影响。借助无人机群搭载的传感器,在城市上空对城市进行数字环境的检测和建设;通过大数据学习可以将无人机群变成一个有“智能”的团队,为我们传达全新的时空信息;由此我们可以了解到诸多以日常视角无法感知到的影响城市空间的参数,例如建筑形态,植被,地形变化以及微气候等。最后利用可视化技术和工具,把原始数据进行艺术的转译,将城市环境映射到建筑设计,艺术创作以及视觉表达中。

This course focuses on spatio-temporal aerial mapping of urban environments, with emphasis on field application of sensors and visualization technologies. This course aims to introduce the participants to the theoretical and technical framework of urban environmental mapping, to understand the influence of urban parameters. This course focuses on spatio-temporal aerial mapping of urban environments, with emphasis on field application of sensors and visualization technologies. This courseaims to introduce the participants to the theoretical and technical framework of urban environmental mapping, to understand the influence of urban parameters such as,building morphology, vegetation, or topographical variations in urban microclimates. We will use the campus of the Tongji University as the case study of our investigations,and will operate drones equipped with sensors and cameras to document the environment. Through lectures and hands-on exercises, participants will employ variouscustom toolsets to visualize and analyze the collected data against GIS databases in QGIS and Rhino3D/Grasshopper environments. This course will culminate in composition and presentation of videos that will demonstrate the students’ workflows and analysis.

 

 

6. 超薄纸板大跨建构

指导团队:王祥博士(德国达姆斯塔特工业大学)

助教:王祥

学生团队:韩旭,林誉婷,官诗菡,刘江德,吴薇,郭志滨,张力行,聂家鑫,段晓天,白雪,周静微,史学鹏,李至,何薇,葛康宁,徐赫言

本课程利用超薄板材建造一个小型的壳体,来探讨和研究一种新的针对材料结构性能的壳体结构概念设计方法;同时,课程也回顾了自上世纪到近期的壳体结构发展过程以及其设计方法的转变,进而探讨一种基于材料的性能化设计方法;最后,课程提出一种新的壳体结构形态学设计思路,并探讨基于材料的形态学设计方法。

通过学习设计过程,教授学员壳体找形的理论及软件模拟过程。同时,通过建造的过程,完成对于结构细部构造的理解和设计优化。最终,每位参与学员使用本工作营的设计工具,独立完成一个个性化的壳体形态设计方案。

This workshop aims to explore and study a new conceptual design method for the shell structure with thin sheet materials based on the materials’ structural behavior. A small free-form shell is built finally as a demonstrator for the structural concept. At the same time, the workshop also review the development of shell structures and its changes in structural typology from the last century to the recent years. Through the discussion, a material-performance-based design method is introduced as a design methodology. Finally, the course present a new design logic of the structure of the shell and explore the morphological design method based on the specific materials.Through the study of the design process, students learn the form-finding methods of shell structures and the software simulation process. At the same time, through the construction process of the structure, the consideration and optimization of the construction details also be understood. In the end, each participant also use the design tool of the workshop to complete a personalized shell design.

 

 

7. 数字化折纸编程

指导团队:王文栋(中央美术学院)

助教:张啸

学生团队:周嘉伦,佟天泽,张婷,周丹妮,谢雨帆,李晓琳,朱玉,李虹娇,李孟轩,赵珂

参数化折纸将复杂的几何形与空间变量进行综合、转化、变形,从而对空间表达进行新的尝试,最终成果为大尺度空间薄板折叠装置。课程通过教授多种数字、编程、计算等参数化方法进行方案设计,使用Rhino并进行Rhinoscript编程设计。该研究把复杂几何形式的各种变化属性与实物模型相结合,激发学生的空间想象力,借助纸这一媒介,创造新的形式语言。

Scripting “Paper Fold” can synthesize, transform and deform complex geometric shapes and variable space, thus it gives a new attempt for spatial expression. The final result is a large scale spatial folding device made by thin plate. Students learn and use a variety of numerical, programming, computing and other parametric methods for project design.The software used for design is Rhino and Rhinoscript programming. The purpose is to stimulate students' spatial imagination, to studythe attributes of various changes on complex geometric forms, and combineit with physical models, and to create new forms of language with the aid of paper.

 

8. 虚拟现实:从诗歌到场所的转换

指导团队:孙澄宇副教授(同济大学建筑与城市规划学院)

陈达博(英国皇家艺术学院与帝国理工双硕士,浪走科技创始人)

杰夫・卢明斯(美国VR科技公司Worldviz资深工程师,全球技术支持负责人)

宋晓宇(光辉城市CEO)

助教:许迪琼

学生团队:朱元双,闫力,韩果均,张志诚,于晴,何幸鑫,戴巍,谢云玲,冯源,吕翰林,许潇文,王佳欣,李晗玥,熊沁,张哲远,李伟成

随着VR技术不断深入我们的生活,建筑师也会有关于VR的不同想法,本课程通过一个对文字抽象体—诗歌的可视化场所转译,为创作者提供多种探索VR意义的可能,这里的场所包含空间与其中活动的人,它可以用来详细描述诗歌的意境,或者只是配合这种意境的表达,甚或表达对于意境的不同看法……工作营以2-3个小组为单位,每个小组完成一组诗歌与场所的转译设计,包括模型制作、空间搭建、人物表演摄制。通过在虚拟空间的这一创作过程,在暂时放下建筑材料、构造、结构等因素的束缚厚,尝试完全通过场所感去表达设计用意,使得成果可以像任何一件艺术品那样被欣赏,并借由诗歌的力量来触动体验者的心弦。

Today, we see more and more VR technology being used in our daily life, this has brought inspirations to architects, too. This workshop explores the multiple meaning of VR through converting poems to virtual places.As a place in architectural context, it includes a space, people in activities, and other sensible elements such as rain. It is expected to touch the heart of visitors according to the meaning of the poem, the feeling, or any other perspectives that are related to the context. Within the given time, students join others to form teams with 2-3 people, each team complete the conversion of one poem to one virtual place, including creating the 3D model, building the space, recording the activities. Students should consider the outcome as a piece of art by fully exploring the potential of the place and expressing their meaning and feelings without needing to consider any real world or technical constraints, such as the materials, details, and structures.

 

9. 风洞可视化

指导团队:郑静云(FabUnion)

袁烽教授&姚佳伟博士(同济大学建筑与城市规划学院)

苏建鸿&许萌(置景(上海)科技有限公司)

学生团队:李社宸,解雅倩,王蕾,李骜,何美婷,刘功浩,冯艳玲,周锡晖,张琪,孙瑞基,李天纬,应静怡

工作营旨在探讨在建筑设计初期阶段运用物理风洞及AR(增强现实)工具探索建筑形体的可能性,使环境性能成为城市与建筑生形的驱动参数。在设计初期阶段,物理风洞提供了一个直观且快速的可视化平台,可对城市建成环境或是建筑周围环境中的风、热等要素进行定性、定量的模拟测试。此外,建筑师通过互动工具建立数据可控的模型,以及矩阵排布的传感装置,将基础的建筑几何形体与风环境数据互动迭代,获得基于舒适环境数据的基础几何形体。同时,基于CFD的数字模拟,生成多点式的伪色图及流线图,结合AR技术将风环境模拟结果带入“现实”,增强可视化的空间感受。在物质化方面,利用风洞作为风环境的主要模拟工具,完成建筑形态的研究及概念设计,使风环境数据和建筑主体形体之间产生互动与反馈,在考虑舒适风速及温度的条件下,获取最终的建筑几何形态。在可视化方面,利用不同的工具对风这一不可见的要素进行研究,并将结果反映在建筑形体的调整与设计上:在物理方面,运用烟雾可视化工具,观察建筑周围的流迹线;在数字方面,基于CFD的计算结果,建立具有AR技术的APP,通过摄像头观察空气流动带来的不同影响。

This workshop aims to apply the physical wind tunnel and AR (Augmented Reality) tools to explore the possibility of building form in the early stage of architectural design, so that the environmental performance becomes the driving parameter during the design. The physical wind tunnel provides an intuitive and fast visualization platform for both qualitative and quantitative simulation of urban built environments including wind and heat environment. Therefore, the architects establish a data-controlled model through interactive equipment, as well as matrix arranged sensing devices, to iterate the basic architectural geometry and wind environment data to obtain a basic geometry according to environmental comfort index. Meanwhile, based on CFD numerical simulation, generated multi-point pseudo-color map and streamline map, integrating with AR technology from above wind environment simulation results bring in "reality" to enhance the visual experience of space and environment. In the aspect of materialization, the wind tunnel is used as the main simulation tool for wind environment, which contributes the related research and conceptual design of the building form. The interaction between the wind environment data and the building morphology is generated.Under the condition of comfortable wind speed and temperature, the final architectural geometry will be analyzed and further generated. In terms of the visualization, the use of different tools to study the invisible elements of the wind, and the results reflected in the adjustment and design of the building form: the physical aspects that relies on smoke visualization tools to observe the flow around the building; while digital aspects, based on the CFD calculation results, the establishment of AR technology with the customized APP, through the camera to observe the different phenomenon of air flow. 

 

  

 

10. 行为可视化

指导团队:尹昊(FabUnion)

袁烽教授(同济大学建筑与城市规划学院)

学生团队:陈思宇,王梅洁,卜梅梅,周宇琪,楊兆中,朱卓晖,杜明,章一平,程韵达,魏嘉彬,马兰,景旭

行为可视化是通过数字技术采集建筑空间中人的行为数据,并将其与空间结构进行匹配与分析,最终检测并验证空间与行为共生关系的建筑学研究方法。在数字技术的辅助下,行为数据信息得以准确而全面的收集,基于大数据而建立系统的统计分析与可视化呈现,为微观层面的建筑单体设计与整改提供方法借鉴。本项目从数据采集与分析的角度出发,采用室内定位系统来执行数据采集与行为调研的工作,通过可视化编程与统计算法提取海量的数据中的行为信息,为建筑空间中行为的精细化、定量化研究提供依据。

Based on the data acquisition and analysis, this project adopts the indoor positioning system to carry out the work of data acquisition and behavior investigation. The visualization programming and statistical algorithm are used to extract the behavior information in the massive data, which provides the basis for the refinement and quantitative research of the behavior in the building space.   

 

 

 

 

 

11. 机器人3D打印

指导团队:袁烽教授&孟刚副教授(同济大学建筑与城市规划学院)

张立名(FabUnion)

学生团队:陈哲文,方志浩,郑少凡,吴雨,林辰彻,Frank

机器人平台为三维打印技术的发展与实现提供了新的可能性,无论是尺度上还是复杂系统打印上,机器人使得将三维打印技术应用于建筑领域的可行性被大大拓展。工作营基于传统三维打印的原理,结合结构性能化设计来探索建筑尺度三维打印的可能性与可行性。利用机器人三维打印实现定制单元的批量化生产,通过定制三维打印模块砌筑的方式完成两件三维打印桥梁,跨度分别为4米和11米,验证三维打印建筑产品的结构稳定性与可靠性。

Robotic platform provide new possibilities to the development of 3D printing technology. No matter in the printing size of the print of complex system, robot makes the feasibility of application of 3D printing technology in architectural field greatly increased. In this workshop, we base on the 3D printing technology and structural performance based design to explore the large scale 3D printing in architectural products.We use robotic 3D printing to achieve the mass production of customized components. Finally we print 2 bridges, 4m and 11m in span respectively, in which way the structural stability and reliability can be proved.  

  

12. 机器人木构

指导团队:袁烽教授&孟刚副教授(同济大学建筑与城市规划学院)

柴华(FabUnion)

学生团队:Dario Marino,张瀛心,江旭莹,周博,吴宛霖,金晋磎,刘琳琳

工作营探索“结构几何”的设计方法在木构建筑设计中的应用,并以建筑机器人为工具,探索木构建筑的机器人数字建造工艺。工作营以木网壳结构为原型,探索“后期成形”的木网壳结构在自由曲面形式中的应用潜力。研究首先在设计平台上对自由曲面网壳结构的找形进行模拟与优化,然后通过结构性能模拟对网壳结构的构件尺寸进行优化,并利用机器人建造工具实现结构构件的批量定制生产。整个过程将材料特性、结构性能、形式设计与建造约束等因素的有机融合在空间木网壳结构的设计与建造过程中。学生将完成一系列木网壳结构原型的找形和结构优化研究,最终通过机器人建造工艺完成1:1的木网壳结构建筑原型建造。

The workshop aims to explore the "structural geometry" design methods and robotic fabrication approaches of wooden architecture. Taking the gridshell structure as the prototype, the workshop explores the potential of "post-forming" wooden gridshell in free-form structures. Firstly, the form-finding process of the free-form gridshells is simulated and optimized on the designplatform. Then, the dimensions of the gridshell members are optimized through structural performance analysis. Finally, robotic fabrication tools are used to make custom production of structural members. The whole process integrates the material properties, structural performance, form-finding method and fabrication constraints into the design and construction of the spatial gridshell structure. Participants will complete the form-finding, structural optimization and model-making of a series of gridshell prototype. And the final outcome will be a fullscale gridshell pavilion fabricated by robot.





供稿人:袁烽


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