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【10月26日 学术讲座】重组城市

发布日期: 2017-10-23 浏览次数: 293


城市文化与空间系列讲座

高峰计划,公正城市与城市治理团队系列讲座


Recombinant Urbanism

重组城市


Instructor


Prof. David Grahame Shane

Prof. David Grahame Shane moving to Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (GSAPP) in 1985. In 1990 he started teaching Urban Design, becoming Co- Director 1990-97 and then as Adjunct Full Professor teaching the Recombinant Urbanism Seminar. During the 1990's and 2000's he also taught in the University of Pennsylvania and City College, New York, Urban Design programs, while lecturing on City Planning at Cooper Union (1992-2012). Since 1999 he has participated in the UD PHD program at the IUAV Venice with Professors Secchi and Vigano and is a Visiting professor at the Milan Polytechnic.

Prof. David Grahame Shane has lectured widely and published in architectural journals in Europe, the USA and Asia. He is the author of Recombinant Urbanism: Conceptual Modeling in Architecture, Urban Design and City Theory (2005). He published Urban Design Since 1945: a Global Perspective (2011). In 2016 his Recombinant Urbanism, translated by Zhang Yunfeng, was published in Chinese by the China, Building, Architecture and Urban Planning Press, Beijing.

 

主讲人

戴维·格雷厄姆·肖恩教授

      1985年至今,任职于哥伦比亚大学建筑规划与保护学院城市设计专业,教授。1990年,他开始教城市设计,担任主管(1990-1997),随后担任客座教授,负责重组城市工作组的教学工作。在哥伦比亚大学任职期间,同时作为宾夕法尼亚大学、库伯联盟以及城市学院的外聘教授。主要研究领域为:城市设计、城市文化、都市重构等研究领域。

      戴维·格雷厄姆·肖恩教授曾多次于曼谷、新加坡、香港、南京、上海、北京举办讲座,并与同济大学存有长期良好的合作关系。近5年内,出版专著《重组城市:关于建筑学、城市设计和城市理论的概念模型》(中文版2016年)与《1945年以来的城市设计:全球视角的观瞻》(中文版正在准备出版)。

 

Topic

Any discussion of “recombinant” systems must begin with Francis Crick and James Watson, who first popularized the concept in their descriptions of DNA in the 1960s. The discovery of DNA’s structure by them in 1953 reveals the mechanism underlying mutation: a coded, heritable, alterable sequence of amino acids.….. Recombination itself is the process of “crossing-over and independent assortment of new combinations of genes in progeny that did not appear in the parents (Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary).”

Similar processes of mutation can be seen in patterns of development that we recognize as urban structures that handle urban flows, profit, or pleasure, urban actors splice together urban structures that handle urban flows, producing new settings for their activities or reusing old ones for altered circumstances. Urban splicing, analogously to genetic recombination, involves the sorting, layering, overlapping and combining of disparate elements to create new combinations.

 

 讲座主题

       所有关于“重组”系统的讨论都要追溯到佛朗西斯·克里克和詹姆士·沃森,是他们早在20世纪60年就提出了DNA的概念。他们在1953年发现的DNA结构,揭示了变异(mutation)现象之下隐藏的内在机制:一种有代码的、可以遗传的、可以转换的DNA序列。....重组本身是一个“对母体中没有出现过的基因进行交叉和独立的组合。”

       我们在城市的发展模式中也可以发现类似的变异过程。在寻求增加效率、扩大利益或者娱乐方式的过程中,城市“演员(actors)”将相关的城市结构要素拼接(splice)在一起,形成新的布局,从而方便自己的活动,或者在新的环境下重新利用原有结构。与基因重组类似,城市拼接包括了分类(sorting)、分层(layering)、重叠(overlapping),并且把完全不同的要素组合起来形成新的组合体(combinations)。